Backgammon Instructions

The goal of Backgammon is to move all of your checker pieces off the board and into one of the boxes on the right side. In order to do that, you’ll need to move all your pieces into your home board first. The color you chose at the start of the game will determine which way you move each turn. Red pieces move clockwise to get to their home board on the upper right hand corner. White pieces move counterclockwise with their goal at the bottom right. 


Click on the dice to roll. If the left die shows a higher number when playing against the computer, you get to move first. When playing with a friend, the left die is for player 1 and the right die is for player 2. The player who moves first must move the amount of spaces shown on the dice. You can move your pieces according to the number shown each individual die or add up the sum of the dice and move forward that amount. If both dice show the same number, then you get an extra two moves.


You can move your checkers onto any point with one or fewer enemy pieces. If you move to a point with an enemy piece, it will be removed from the board and your opponent will have to use a roll to put it back on the board. Once you get all of your checkers to the correct corner, you can continue to roll to remove pieces off the board. Remove all of your pieces from the board before your opponent in order to win!


Backgammon Tips & Tricks

Homeward bound. Keep your sights set on that home corner. You can’t remove your checkers from the board until you get all of them on the home points. If you find that luck is on your side and you keep getting high-numbered rolls, you can use the “Running Game” strategy and race all your pieces home as fast as you can before your opponent does. 


Knock ‘em out. Another good offensive strategy is to attack your opponent’s single pieces as much as you can. Sending your opponent’s pieces to the middle bar means they’ll have to use their next roll to bring it back in the game. If they can’t move the barred checker the amount shown on the dice, then they forfeit the turn. The more turns they use to revive benched pieces, the more opportunities you get to rush your pieces back home. 


Two’s company. Your opponent can only land on empty points or points with one single piece. In order to stop them from knocking out your checkers, try to move your checkers in tandem so as to not leave any alone on a single point. If you double up your checkers, it will give your opponent one less place to land and will keep all your pieces on the board.


Create anchor points. If possible, leave an anchor point of two or more checkers in your opponent’s home board. This will give you a place to land if a checker is ever sent to the bar. You can also fill up your home board with two or more pieces on each point, leaving your opponent with no way of getting a benched checker back on the board. 


What You Learn From Playing Backgammon

Playing Backgammon can help teach basic addition in counting as well as more complicated themes like probability and luck. The game helps players determine the odds of their checkers making it to the home board or being captured by the opponent’s piece. Players can also learn how to not rely on pure luck by using strategies to overcome a bad roll.

Coolmath Top Picks

Checkmate! Play the classic game of strategy. You can challenge the computer, a friend, or join a match against another online player.

Swing through the jungle from tree to tree! Beat levels to unlock new monkey skins.

Outlast your opponents in the ultimate copter arena. Grab upgrades and superpowers, avoid the toxic fog, and be the last one flying!

Hop in your hot air balloon and prepare for adventure! Solve a whole new quest on every island.

Test your aim in online multiplayer! Race your opponent to get to zero first. You'll have to calculate your own score.

Play the classic game, or mix it up with an all-new action mode: fireballs, blasters, gravity wells, and more!

Your pineapple is trapped at the top of a huge tower! Jump over pits of lava and dodge dangerous traps to rescue it.

Grow your civilization during the Bronze Age. Collect food, research technology, defend yourself from other civilizations, and build a world wonder!

In this strange and unusual world, you cannot jump. Fortunately, you CAN summon mountains beneath your feet. And get filthy stinkin' rich.

Let's get rolling! It may not look like much at first, but we have a feeling you'll be earning trillions of points in no time.

Hit a screamer into the top corner or make an epic save in this penalty shootout. Take your skills online and become world champion!

Fill the board with bricks! How many points can you score before you get stuck?

Step up and spin the wheel in this cool way to learn about probability! Guess higher or lower to win big points. Will you play it safe or risk it all?

Looks like a nice day to go fishing! Cast your line and reel in a legendary fish. Earn cash to buy new hooks and skills.

The pig is on the loose! Help prevent him from escaping by placing stone walls to block his path.

Connect all pipes of the same color. The pipes can't cross, and you have to fill all of the space with pipes!